Oct. 12.2020 | Updated: September 17, 2021

Why Do Dogs Pee Blood

blood in dog's urine

Normally, the dog’s urine is straw yellow, without a sharp pathological smell. The change in the shade of liquid excreta signals that there is some disturbance in the body. For example, dark mustard urine can be caused by dehydration; saturated orange indicates problems with the liver or gallbladder; black indicates possible cancer. And what does red urine in dogs mean? Let’s try to figure out what causes dog peeing blood.

Blood in a dog’s urine is almost always an alarm signal, which means that there is a severe problem. Blood secretions may appear for the following reasons.

Causes of Blood in Urine in Dogs

dog peeing blood

Hemolysis — intoxication from rat poisons, which act as the destroyer of red blood cells. If an animal accidentally swallows such poison, there may be vomiting, seizures, pain, blood clots in dog urine. Hemolytic substances include not only rat poison, but also arsenic, some inedible mushrooms, poisons of snakes and spiders. It is vital to contact a specialist to save your pet by giving him an antidote (if available), sorbents, painkillers, heart, and rehydration drugs. If there is no possibility to see a doctor at this moment, you should immediately induce vomiting by injecting 50-200 ml of hydrogen peroxide into the mouth of the dog. The poisoned pet should be delivered to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible;

Urinary tract infections – very often, a dog has blood in urine with cystitis, urethritis, pyelonephritis. With such problems, urine turns red with blood, and the following symptoms may be observed: pain during attempts to cope with a little need, swelling of the genitalia (with urethral inflammation), fever, useless attempts to pee, apathy, and refusal to eat (due to pain and discomfort). Such an ailment can not be ignored. In the clinic, the doctor will conduct an examination (ultrasound, urine and blood tests), determine the primary cause of the problem, and prescribe treatment (antibiotics, antipyretic, antispasmodics, diet);

Parasitic diseases – worms, namely Capillaria, live in the urinary system of the dog, which leads to blood clots in dog urine. The animal loses weight, sleeps badly, and often feels pain during diuresis. As well as piroplasmosis – a disease is transmitted through the bites of ixodid ticks, causes red urine in dogs due to the destruction of red blood cells and the release of free hemoglobin in large quantities, which leads to the redness of feces;

Urinary stones – such formations occur due to liver, kidney, blood vessels, and metabolic disorders in general. If a dog peeing blood feels pain, and the animal is uncomfortable during the toilet, it may be stones that impede normal urine excretion. The appearance of urates/struvites contributes to the development of a urinary stone disease, which also often causes blood in my dog’s urine.

Prostate diseases in male dogs – such diseases can not only cause canine blood in urine but also provoke defecation problems, vomiting attacks, delayed urination. Depending on the cause of disease, the doctor prescribes either medication or surgical treatment;

Gynecological diseases of bitches – in such cases, the animal may have blood in dog’s urine, poor appetite, swelling of the stomach. Almost always, the removal of ovaries and uterus is chosen as a treatment, because it is impossible to get rid of such diseases medically;

Injury – blood clots in dog urine may also be present in cases where the dog fell under the wheels of a car or from a height. If such an accident occurs, it is necessary to get to the veterinarian as soon as possible. Worst of all, if the blood in dog’s urine was caused by a strong contusion or rupture of internal organs;

Consumption of food products or the use of drugs that stains the urine – dog peeing blood but acting normal. If a dog likes to eat beets, his urine may well have a pinkish or even red hue. Since the doggie is cheerful, eats well, does not look apathetic, it is worth remembering whether he ate something that would give the urine red or pinkish tint. Puppy pees blood rarely.

What Should the Owner Do?

blood clots in dog urine

So, as we have determined, blood in my dog’s urine is almost always an alarming symptom of some disease. If a dog suddenly pissed with blood, it is important not to panic, but to watch the animal for a few hours. To make the correct diagnosis, the doctor will certainly need not only the results of tests, ultrasound, and X-rays but also the history of observation of the dog from the words of the owner.

So, you should remember the following points, if there is blood in the dog’s urine:

  • What is the amount of urine (with serious illnesses, the bladder is partially emptied);
  • How often does the dog pee (in some diseases, the dog’s urinary tract is blocked due to the location of stones or after injury);
  • What position does the dog pee in (if the animal bends too low to the ground, sits down, this happens in severe pain);
  • Whether the pet shows pain when urinating (whining, breathing heavily, etc.);
  • Is blood present in the urine, or can only be excreted on the genitals (for example, with injuries to the penis);
  • How a pet feels (is there a fever, no appetite, no gastrointestinal disorders, etc.)

Based on the host’s story, as well as on the data from the tests, the doctor will be able to determine exactly what disorder caused the blood loss. The owner will only have to adhere to the recommendations of the veterinarian, clearly following the instructions of the prescribed medications.

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