May. 24.2021 | Updated: November 19, 2021

Pug Breeds Information: History, Temperament and Other Characteristics

Coat type
Activity level
Barking level
Friendliness to other animals
pug temperament

Pugs are one of the most mysterious dog breeds, as the history of their origin is covered with many myths and legends. Today we want to tell you facts and information that will be interesting to everyone who loves our Breeds section and who wants to buy a dog of this breed. Enjoy the reading!

Pug Breeds Information

  • Pug’s type: Toy.
  • Pug’s state of origin: China.
  • Pug’s date of origin: 400 BC.
  • Pug’s average weight: 14-18 pounds.
  • Pug’s average Height: 10-13 inches.
  • Pug’s colors: Silver, apricot, fawn, or black.
  • Pug’s size: small.
  • Pug’s life span: 13-15 years.

History of Pugs

pug info

This is an ancient Chinese breed. Even in the early manuscripts of China, they were mentioned as square, short dogs with a short muzzle. At that time in China, there were two breeds of dogs that fit the description of the progenitor of the Pug. However, most likely, it is “Luo Jie” that most resembles today’s Pugs. These dogs were not in common families. Only nobles had the right to have such a breed. Deep wrinkles are a distinctive feature of Pugs but then they were barely noticeable. The Pug breed came to France with the Turkish fleet in 1553. In the Netherlands, this breed was very fond of. In addition, it resembled the flowers of the ruling Orange dynasty. In 1689, Pugs were brought specially for Mary II. Despite its immense popularity, the breed could have disappeared. In the 19th century, when Queen Victoria wanted a dog of this breed, only one representative was hardly found for her. After 1920, the history of the Pug has not become less mysterious but the first Pug lovers club was created. Thanks to the club, the breed began to improve and acquire the standards that are still appreciated in these dogs. By the way, Napoleon’s first wife, Empress Josephine, had a beloved Pug named Fortuna. And in 2004 the breed was recognized as the best at the World Dog Show.

Pug Characteristics

type of pugs

Roundhead, square build, and curled tail. This is a description of the Pug’s appearance. Its wrinkled face and cheerful nature captivate people. It perfectly finds rapport with other dogs, cats, as well as with children. The Pug will perfectly fit into your family and in a short period will become an integral part of it. What about other characteristics of this dog?

Pug Appearance

It is a dog of massive build, with a square and powerful body. You can easily recognize this dog by its straight back and deep-set chest. The tail has an interesting twisted ring shape. The muzzle is slightly shortened but at the same time massive. On the outside, you can immediately see deep wrinkles. By the way, forehead wrinkles are often compared to a diadem. The kind look of dark eyes will win you over forever.

Pug Coat And Color

The pug’s coat is very thick and short. If you pet such a dog, you will notice that it is soft and smooth to the touch. We will talk about wool colors a little later. This will form a contrast to the base color. Pugs molt throughout the year and therefore need frequent brushing.

Pug Temperament

The Pug has a great personality. This dog is kind and very sociable. Although this breed is not very active, the pug loves to play. Pug personality is great for experienced dog owners and beginners alike. Of course, this breed has its drawbacks. It can steal food, constantly dig holes in your flower beds and gardens, bark loudly and unreasonably. This can happen when the Pug is bored or when no one is looking after it.

How Smart Are Pugs?

If you are looking for a dog that will surprise you with its quick wits, then the Pug fits this description perfectly. Your training will be easy. Plus we have good news for you. Usually the training of commands starts from 5-7 months. However, with a Pug, you can start much earlier. Even as a small puppy, your pet is able to surprise you and master any command. Pugs are very attached to the owner. It can watch a movie with you or walk in the park. Pug intelligence can’t help you to teach it something at the age of 6-7 months. So, start earlier. If you do not have time for training, then you can use the help of a dog handler. Keep in mind that your dog is likely to have contact with other animals, so be sure to get vaccinated.

Type of Pugs

how smart are pugs

There are often three types of color. Each of them has its color variation. Let’s learn about each type separately.


Fawn Pugs are light and with yellow-brown fur. There are two more variations of this color:

  • Apricot faint Pugs are golden or orange.
  • Silver Pugs range in color from light gray to white. This color is the rarest.


The fur of a black Pug shines like coal. Some pugs have a white patch on their chest. As Pugs become older, gray hair begins to appear on their fur, and this is more pronounced in black Pugs.


Brindle fur is a mixture of light and dark colors, usually from gray to black. None of the well-known dog clubs recognizes a brindle-colored Pug. It is believed that this color hue entered the pedigree of pugs through another breed. So, such a Pug will not be purebred. There are still discussions about this.

Pug Info about Care and Health

history of pugs

Pugs shed a lot, so you need to brush their coat at least once a week. Some owners brush their Pugs every day because it helps to reduce the amount of hair in the house. Pugs are usually bathed once every 3 months. You can choose your bathing regimen depending on your pet’s needs and activity. Wrinkle care is very important. When cleaning the folds, make sure that no infection or fungus developing there. If this happens contact your veterinarian. In addition, the Pug needs to clean ears, teeth and cut nails. If you monitor your pet’s physical condition, the risk of diseases described below is low.

  • Have you heard of brachycephalic syndrome? Unfortunately, pugs can be affected by this. It becomes difficult for the dog to breathe.
  • In Pugs, the vertebral part can be damaged. You will immediately notice this from the gait and behavior of the dog. Unfortunately, surgery is needed to fix the problem.
  • Pugs often suffer from toothaches. The structure of their mouth is very uncomfortable, so damage to the teeth is not excluded.

You should not do the treatment yourself, be sure to contact your veterinarian.
We hope you enjoy our article about the Pug dog breed. By the way, we can help you to choose a cute Pug name. What facts did you not know about Pugs? Share in the comments. Thank you for reading the article to the end. See you soon on the pages of our blog!


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