Caring for Newborn Puppies: Feeding Process and Other Tips of Raising Puppies
Caring for newborn puppies is a challenging mission that cannot be undertaken without preparation. You have to study the topic in order to be in control of what such babies need, what, and how much they need to be fed. Most often, the mother dog takes full care. However, situations are different and sometimes the owners are forced to do it. Do not worry! If you draw up a plan for your further actions and follow it. everything would be great. We will tell you all the newborn puppy information. Therefore, be attentive when reading our article.
How to Take Care of Newborn Puppies?
There are two possible options for taking care of newborn puppies: helping a mother or do everything by yourself. In the first case, you would only need to direct the dog in the right direction if it became a mother for the first time. Also maintain cleanliness in the house, especially where a young mother and her offspring are. The first 4 weeks are very important, as the puppies cannot eat anything other than their mother’s milk. Monitor the condition of your pets, if the dog has any problems with feeding, then you should immediately contact your veterinarian. The specialist would recommend to you what mixture you can buy for puppies. We would like to draw your attention to the second option – taking care of the puppy completely or to a greater extent on you. Let’s talk about it in more detail.
What Do Newborn Puppies Need?
During the first weeks, the puppies do not yet explore their surroundings. Therefore, you should think in advance about a safe place where they would be located. It can be a large and handy box or an aviary. The main thing is that there is enough space for everyone. Be sure to change the bed linen or towels that are in it. In this simple way, you can keep things clean. Remember that a dog that has just given birth and puppies are in a vulnerable state and any kind of bacteria can harm their health. So the health of puppy care after birth is only up to you.
After the puppies open their eyes, their activity would increase significantly. Therefore, you can give them more space. Many owners are worried about the issue of the toilet. Newborn puppies cannot urinate and defecate without the help of their mother or a caregiver. To help them do this, soak a cloth or cotton ball in warm water, and after each feed, gently stroke each puppy’s groin and anus until the result is achieved. This usually happens within one to two minutes. This process must be repeated until the muscles of the bladder and intestines are hardened to empty themselves. This usually occurs at 15-21 days of age. In the early stages, the mother cleans up the calf’s feces, but if it is a large litter, she may need your help. When the puppies become more active, lay a diaper for them and train them to equalize the need there. You can also buy a small tray and train them to use it.
The last option is the most appropriate since new members of your family are not yet ready to go out for the first time. When the mother is with the puppies, she warms them with her body. Because compliance with the thermal regime is very important. Therefore, we recommend that you use heat lamps for at least the first 4 weeks of raising newborn puppies. Place them as high as possible above the box and aviary to prevent possible burns. And also provide a cool corner. If any of the puppies get hot, they can take shelter there. What temperature regime should be observed? The first five days are 85-90 degrees Fahrenheit. From 5 to 10 days up to 80 degrees. And then gradually lower the temperature to 75 degrees.
Newborn Puppy: Feeding
The puppies must receive breast milk for as long as possible. However, if this is not an option in your case, then alternative options should be considered. What to feed newborn puppies? Use ready-made puppy milk formulas for the first and subsequent feedings. They are the best as they are perfectly balanced and provide all the essential nutrients. Milk substitutes are sold in veterinary pharmacies and pet stores. Do not feed puppies with whole milk as this can cause digestive problems. Feeding a puppy is similar to feeding a baby. Monitor the temperature of the mixture in the bottle. After feeding, gently pat your puppy on the back to prevent burping and allow it to swallow air.
How Often Should You Feed a Newborn Puppy?
For the first 72 hours of life, puppies should be fed every two hours. Thereafter, for the first week, feed every three hours during the day, and you can allow one four-hour rest at night. In the second week of life, feeding can be reduced to every four hours during the day and six hours at night. By the end of the third week, puppies can be supplemented with porridge up to three times a day using bottle feeds. This mixture is prepared in the usual puppies’ milk, gradually adding porridge until a denser consistency. This usually occurs when the puppies are about six weeks old. Then you can switch to specialized nutrition for puppies. By the way, keep bottles and nipples clean and wash and dry between each feed.
When Do You Take Newborn Puppies to the Vet? The most optimal age for visiting a veterinarian is 6 weeks. The vet would give you a schedule of required vaccinations. You should be attentive to your new pets. See you!
- Are a dog owner is happy? Yes you are!
- You didn't like it? What we missed here?