Great Dane Breed: History, Personal Traits, and Other Characteristics
Some people believe that the Great Dane became famous thanks to the movie “The Ugly Dachshund”. Indeed, this Disney work brought fame to the breed. However, Danes were popular and in-demand much earlier than 1965. Even a dog that cannot take part in exhibitions due to some defects is expensive. You may like the story about the Great Dane’s origin. What kind of temperament do you think dogs of this breed have – calm, aggressive, or playful. Let’s find out this and more other interesting and useful facts.
Great Dane Dog Breed Info
Height: 28-32 inches;
Weight: 110-175 pounds;
Coat: short length with white, black, gray, fawn, blue colors;
Temperament: playful, friendly, protective;
Lifespan: 7-10 years;
What were Great Danes bred for? They were bred to hunt wild boar and protect country estates.
Great Dane Breed: History
The Great Dane breed is a fairly large dog that can intimidate with its impressive appearance. Nowadays, this name is officially assigned to this breed. However, in the Middle Ages, it applied to all dogs that had a similar physique and large size as the Danes. So, where do Great Danes come from? There is an opinion that Europe should not be considered the origins of the breed, therefore archival records lead us to the 3rd millennium BC. and earlier (Ancient Egypt, Babylon). There are records of crossbreeding of dogs with other breeds by the Greeks and Romans. Through their efforts, the Danes have grown even larger and developed other important qualities, such as endurance. At that time, the most successful cross was with the Irish Greyhound. In the Middle Ages, Denmark and Germany took over the main work on breeding the breed. The main purpose of breeding was to hunt wild boars. From that moment on, cropping of the ears of this breed began. Was there really any medical indication for cropping? Not at all. However, during the hunt, the boar could tear them, so this had to be done to protect the dog. Later, to the original purpose of breeding, another was added – the protection of estates. Danes were considered a luxury by aristocrats, so many had gold collars and no food restrictions. Denmark did not take too active part in improving the breed, unlike Germany. That is why Germany is considered to be the birthplace of the modern Great Dane. Dog breeders from all over the country have come together to improve and create a uniform breed standard. Until the middle of the twentieth century, to preserve the purity of the color, offspring were allowed to be obtained only in strict combinations. During the Second World War, the number of the breed declined significantly. However, over time, breeders have managed to improve the population. Currently, the dog is officially recognized by the main canine organizations.
Great Dane: Characteristics
These dogs embody everything – intelligence, kindness, sociability, defender instinct, etc. Let’s learn about all Great Dane’s personality traits.
Great Dane: Temperament
If you ever hear something unflattering about this breed, then most likely the reason is an oversight in education.
Dane is an intelligent and friendly dog.Even a puppy of this breed is quite large.Therefore, during active games, you need to be careful, otherwise your home interior may suffer. Choose a dog park for walking and where you can spend most of such a playful dog’s energy. Your pet cannot understand that its size can knock you to the ground during the game. You need to stick to this from an early age and establish rules of conduct during games. With age, Great Dane’s behavior is much more restrained. This makes the dog a reliable companion and protector. Outwardly, the pet can be calm and even look at you with an indifferent look. However, it always assesses the situation and in case of danger would protect you. Rest assured that if your dog shows aggression, it is solely for your protection.It just wouldn’t throw or bark at others. Of course, exceptions are possible. If the dog has mental problems or has been subjected to harsh treatment, then uncontrolled aggression is possible. Are Great Danes good family dogs? Great Dane makes an excellent nanny for your child because this cheerful dog loves children and spending time with its family. Therefore, if you need to travel a lot, then it is better to pay attention to a dog of another breed.
What Does the Great Dane Look Like?
Great Dane is one of the largest dog breed. Males look larger than females. An average Great Dane’s height is near 28-32 inches. And an average Great Dane’s weight is 110-175 pounds.
- The head of the dog is oblong and narrow with a wide nose. Rounded eyes, most often dark color. The dog’s ears have highly planted. Cropping is not a mandatory procedure.
- The dog has a powerful body. The tail is slightly planted. However, it should not be higher than the level of the back. Muscular and hardy paws.
- Dog wool short and dense. Among the recognized colors white, black, gray, fawn, blue.
Different Types of Great Danes
- Fawn. It is the most popular color and is recognized by all associations. However, if the dog has marks of other colors, then this is considered a defect. Dogs with a color defect are not allowed to participate in shows.
- Brindle. Fur comes in a variety of colors, including black, red, beige, gray, and blue.
- Harlequin. It is a white dog with black spots. Each pattern is unique. Therefore, you would not find two identical dogs.
- Black. Even because of one small spot, the associations do not equate the dog to the standard.
- Blue. The shade of blue can range from very light to quite dark.
- Merle. The dog is light gray with white and black spots.
- Mantle. The dog must be spotless with a black main undercoat. But the lining on the feet, chest and face should be white.
Great Dane: Health Issues
Great Danes may have health problems. Statistically, a small percentage of dogs diagnosed with volvulus survived without surgery. Symptoms of this disease include bloating, breathing problems, and vomiting of foam. If you find one of these symptoms, then you need to immediately contact your veterinarian. There may also be problems with the musculoskeletal system, heart, thyroid gland, and skin. By the age of 9, the dog is considered old. So, average Great Dane’s lifespan is 7-10 years. To ensure a good quality of life for a pet, it is important to monitor its nutrition and physical activity, and regularly undergo examinations by a veterinarian. Also don’t forget about Vitamin and Mineral Supplements.
Caring for a Great Dane
It is a smooth-haired breed and does not need frequent combing. Always keep dog’s eyes clean. It is also necessary to clean the dog’s ears 2-3 times a week, and trim the nails every ten days. The pet is bathed once a week. However, if the need arose, you can and more often. Homemade shampoo for dogs is the best option. Do Great Danes shed? Yes, and quite a lot. Most often they are linen in autumn and spring. It is better to use bristle brush during shedding.
Great Dane: Facts
- In 2011, one of the representatives of the Great Danes was included in the Guinness Book of Records. This tallest dog was 3.66 feet in height and 155 feet in weight. At the age of 5, Zeus died.
- Everyone’s favorite Scooby Doo Great Dane breed.
- Hybrid breeds are no less popular than standard breeds.
- In ancient times, dogs of this breed took part in gladiatorial battles.
- Great Danes can freeze in winter. Therefore, if you have equipped a dog enclosure on the street, then it must be insulated.
- Easy to train.
- This breed is called an aristocrat among dogs.
- For military services during the battle near the Peloponnese, a monument was erected to dogs of this breed in Corinth.
- Aristotle often referred to Dans in his treatises.
Your kindness, care and love would help you find a common language with your dog. You would find a loyal and reliable friend and protector. Do you know other interesting facts about Great Danes? Share in the comments!