Brittany Spaniel: Characteristics, Types, Health, Proper Care & Other Facts
Since the early Middle Ages, hunting has been a favorite pastime of the European aristocracy. And the main assistant of the titled trappers were the cops. One of the most popular breeds from that time to this day is the Brittany Spaniel. If you are looking for a small pet that would enjoy daily jogging in the park and outdoor activities, then this is what you are looking for. But first, familiarize yourself with all the characteristics of the breeds. All information is below!
Brittany Dog Breed Info
- Origin: France;
- Height: 17-21 inches;
- Weight: 25-55 pounds;
- Coat: medium length with brown, white, etc.
- Temperament: friendly, active, and friendly;
- Breed for: hunt;
- Lifespan: 12-14 years.
Brittany Spaniel: History
In the 17th century, evidence of existing of this breed can be seen in European paintings and tapestries. Brittany Spaniel’s origin comes from the province of northwestern France. However, the breeds we know today did begin to emerge in the mid-1800s, when local French athletes began pairing their Spaniels with English ones, resulting in a bobtail capable of quickly and obediently pointing and retracting.
Due to these characteristics, these dogs are popular in several circles. Some breeders began to use its smaller size, speed, and skill to extract illegal prey. This breed was officially recognized in France in 1907. After that, it entered the United States in 1931, and then it was recognized by the AKC in 1936. In 1982, the name was shorted to Brittany, but the full name is still popular in other parts of the world.
Brittany Spaniel: Characteristics
This dog is happy, elegant hunting, and also described as an overactive and ideal family friend. The truth depends on your interest and activity level. As with all similar breeds, this one has enough energy which combines with its other qualities, making it very suitable for the active and friendly family.
What Does a Brittany Dog Look Like?
Almost everything about the appearance of this breed is related to what they were born for: hunting. Their strong body and long legs enable them to traverse large areas quickly. Their gorgeous fur coat isn’t just for good looks – the feathers on their ears and legs give them enough fur to protect them while working, but not enough to get them tangled or entangled in the branches.
While some Brittany dogs are born without a tail, others may have a docked tail. This approach is controversial, and proponents believe that tail docking can help prevent injuries. Brittany Spaniel’s small size is also related to past pranks: poachers use them for illegal pheasant hunting and other games. Even their faces play a role in the hunt: in the wild, bushy eyebrows help protect their eyes, and while their gentle facial expressions may not technically help them to hunt.
Brittany Spaniel: Colors
The coat is silky, medium length with white-red, white-black, white-brown, tricolor, spotted, or speckled.
Brittany Spaniel: Temperament
Brittany is a real hardworking hunter. These dogs are so energetic that it doesn’t seem like they get tired at all. They are ready to run after the game all day, they are incredibly smart, but their minds are solely focused on serving their beloved master. So if like prefer to spend time too active, Brittany Spaniel’s energy level would suit yours.
Since this breed is small, they did not have time to turn into domestic dogs, and their hunting instinct is very brightly expressed. They are best suited as mating dogs for field boars and wild boars. And you can let them start hunting at the age of 4 months. With their family, they are tender and loving. At the same time, they rarely show the independence that is inherent in many hunting dogs and is completely human-centered.
Due to Brittany Spaniel’s personality, communication with them is easy and straightforward. However, you shouldn’t forget that these hunters are very vulnerable creatures with a subtle mental organization, so never try to offend them. They are also harsh to family disputes, and if they recur frequently it can lapse into depression.
Brittany Spaniel: Height and Weight
Males are usually slightly larger than females. Their height is 17-21 inches, and Brittany Spaniel’s average weight can be 25-55 pounds.
Types of Brittany Spaniels
Classification for dividing the breed into types, you can choose whatever – by color, type of coat, etc. But we decided to compare American and French types. The first type is usually larger than the second. However, some breeders consider these “differences” to be unreasonable generalizations and that it is the US standards that need to be updated. After all, the country of origin is France, and it is its standard that must be taken as a basis. For example, in France, black is an acceptable coat color, while in the United States, it is still considered a disadvantage.
Brittany Spaniel: Health Issues
In general, it is a very healthy breed and can lead a long active life. So an average lifespan of a Brittany Spaniel is 12-14 years. The only weakness is their long and beautiful ears. If there is no air, sulfur would accumulate in it, which would lead to an inflammatory process sooner or later, so after starting this hunter, please be prepared for the fact that you clean your ears at least once a month. It is also important to ensure that the bangs have the opportunity to move as much as possible, otherwise, it would not only become painful but also nervous and irritating. And, of course, don’t forget to prevent internal and external parasites, which is especially important for dogs that participate in hunting, and therefore spend a lot of time in nature.
Remember that proper care can prolong the lifespan of Brittany Spaniel. Low maintenance does not mean these dogs are considered hypoallergenic. Although they do not have thick fur, they often fall off. Brushing its teeth weekly would help you control shedding, although you can also quickly check for mites, burrs, rugs, and any cuts or abrasions they may have gotten after going through the bushes. Only bathe them when they are dirty, trim their nails if necessary, and brush their teeth regularly.
Do Brittany Spaniels shed a lot? It has a dense coat of short to medium length that can shed a moderate amount of fur. They are easy to take care of, but sometimes you may need a haircut around its head and neck. How much your pet should eat depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level because it is an individual like us. Of course, more active breeds need more portions. You can use our food calculator to find out about this issue.
The quality of the food you buy would also vary. It is always important to keep your pet in good shape by measuring its food and feeding it no less than twice a day instead of giving it bad-quality foods and snacks. If you are not sure if your dog is overweight, give it an eye exam and a practice test. Look down at it first. It should be able to see its waist.
Then place your hand on its back, slide your thumb along the spine, and spread your fingers down. You should feel, but not see, its ribs without pressing hard. If you can’t, it needs less food and more exercise. Or you can choose the easier way and go to your vet. More information about healthy food, you can find in our section.
Brittany Spaniel: Facts
- Although they have never received the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show award, they have won a double championship over all other sporting breeds.
- During World War II, its population declined due to the cessation of reproduction in France.
- Some representatives are born without tails due to the dominant characteristic of difficulty inbreeding. When an embryo receives a dominant tailless chromosome from a parent, the result is a tailless puppy; however, any embryo that adopts tailless chromosomes from both parents would be reabsorbed into the bloodstream. If the embryo acquires a recessive long tail from both parents, the puppy would have a long tail at birth.
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