Jan. 10.2022 | Updated: January 11, 2022

What Is a Briard Dog Breed: Origin and Other Characteristics

Coat type
Activity level
Barking level
Friendliness to other animals
briard dog breed

A Briard dog from France has a unique appearance and excellent instincts. Therefore, it is not surprising that it is a Herding Breed. So the breeders claim that such a dog will be able to make friends with any family member and has good health. However, this information is not enough to have such a pet, right? Let’s find out other important and interesting features!

Briard Dog: Breed Info

  • Origin: France;
  • Height: 22-27 inches;
  • Weight: 70-100 pounds;
  • Coat: long length with any colors, except white;
  • Temperament: active and friendly;
  • Breed for: herding;
  • Lifespan: 10-12 years.

What Is a Briard Dog Breed?

The name of this dog comes from the historic northern region of Northern France, traditionally used to pasture and justify sheep. It is believed that the first written mention belongs to 1783, where it was described as a long-haired, usually black dog, and that on the open plain, the wolf does not pose a danger to the herd there, so dogs are used more for pasture than for protection. Shepherds have the task of keeping the sheep from getting lost in crops or vineyards that could cause harm. In 1896, Meignan was one of the founders of the Club de Chiens de Berger Français. In 1897, a breed standard was established, So is a Briard dog a hound? Yes, it is. But during the First World War, the number of breeds declined because any dog ​​fit for military use was sent to the front. The Breed Society reopened in 1923 and at about the same time formed a rival association. In 1928, AKC recognized this dog breed officially. During the 1970s and 1980s, the number increased substantially.

Briard Breed: Characteristics

french briard dog

It is a large dog breed. In males, its body length is about the same as the height, but in females, the length may be slightly longer. The topline is straight. The head is large, long, and rectangular. The broad muzzle has a long beard and mustache. Dog’s teeth meet in a scissor bite. Its large eyes are set wide apart, black or dark brown, with deep pigmentation around the edges. They are covered with hair hanging down to the rest of the body. The ears are either trimmed or kept natural, set high rather than flat on the head. These dogs often have double claws on their hind legs, which may or may not be removed. Briard has a double coat. The outer cover is rough, hard, dry, lying, naturally hanging, long, and slightly wavy. The undercoat of the whole body is thin and dense. Briard dog breed’s colors come in all colors except white. Common colors include black, different shades of gray, and different shades of tan.

Briard: Temperament

It is an intelligent and loyal dog breed. And it is also kind, loves its owner and their families. As a guard dog, Briard can be aloof with strangers. It can also be stubborn and conscientious, but with sufficient support and positive reinforcement, it can be convinced of both. Briard dog’s personality is influenced by a variety of reasons, including genetics, learning, and socialization. As usual, puppies are curious and playful, willingly approach people, and are guided by them. So if you want to be sure about a dog’s character, always meet at least one parent. Like any dog, if not properly socialized at a young age, it can become timid. Primary socialization should be done with people outside the home. It helps ensure that your puppy grows into a full-fledged dog. Regularly inviting visitors, taking it to dog parks, shops, and leisurely walks to meet neighbors may also help it improve its social skills.

French Briard Dog with Children and Pets

It is a good family dog. It protects the children even when they are disciplined by their parents. But you should always teach your child how to behave with the dog, and always monitor any interaction between them to prevent anyone from biting or pulling on the ears or tail. Teach your child to stay away from a pet while it is eating or sleeping, or trying to pick up its food. If Briard has grown up with other dogs and pets and knows they are part of its pack. However, his predilection for prey is strong, so it must be taught not to chase domestic cats or fight your beagle. And always keep it on a leash when out in public.

Briard: Size

An average height and weight are 22-27 inches and 70-100 pounds.

French Herding Dog Briard: Health

briard size

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all of them have the potential to inherit the disease. Never believe that the breed is 100% healthy and has no problems. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about health problems and how often they occur in its line. Include panosteitis, a painful condition that can lead to lameness in puppies. Eye diseases such as progressive retinal atrophy and congenital night blindness are potential problems. Not all of these conditions can be found in a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict if an animal will be free of these diseases, so you must find a reputable breeder who raises the healthiest animals possible. They must be able to provide independent confirmation that the dog’s parents have been screened for general disabilities and are considered healthy. This is where medical registration comes in. Breeders must agree to publish all test results, both positive and negative, in the CHIC database. Health has a huge influence on a Briard’s life span in veterinary medicine means that for the most part, dogs can still live a good life. If you are getting a puppy, ask the breeder about the age of the dogs and why they died.

Caring Tips

Briards can adapt to urban or rural life. On the inside, it is a fairly calm breed, but it needs to exercise for 30 to 60 minutes a day. Without enough activity, it can become bored, opening the way for irritable or destructive behaviors such as barking, digging, stalking, and chewing. Dog sports, especially herding trials, are a great way to release their energies and hone their natural skills. Crate training can be important – it helps with home training and keeps your puppy safe when you are away. Since Briard is naturally distrustful of people outside of its herd, it’s important to encourage your puppy to befriend strangers. Is Briard dog shedding? It has a fluffy long double coat, which is considered very little shedding. The outer coat is coarse and has long soft waves, which requires mindful care. Its thick fur can get tangled and need care. It has no data on molting in any month of the year. If you’ve seen briars fall, one of the reasons may be their age. If your dog of this breed sheds too much, then you need to consult your veterinarian because it is not a normal condition. Is a Briard a hypoallergenic dog? Since this breed does not have excessive shedding, it can really be suitable for people who are allergic to wool. However, it is worth considering the degree of allergy and before starting a pet, make sure that it is really safe for you.

What is the best name for such a pet? Share your ideas in the comments!


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